The Sui Utik, Creative Works and Tembawang: Retaining Biodiversity in Kalimantan, Indonesia
Keywords:Sui Utik, Tembawang, Sekar Kawung, Kalimantan, biodiversity, Indonesia, local wisdom, Dayak Iban, creative works, culture
This paper discusses how the Dayak Iban community of Sui Utik, Kalimantan, with the help of Sekar Kawung, a social enterprise foundation, uses the indigenous system of Tembawang to challenge deforestation and concomitant problems of air pollution through creative works based on the materials of the local rainforest. The research for this paper includes interviews with the founder of Sekar Kawung foundation, literature reviews, photographs, social media reports and community summaries. Sui Utik, in collaboration with Sekar Kawung, has developed creative works including weavings, an innovative application of tattoos, food and beverage products, and eco treks. The research found that the Sui Utik community, which started producing creative works in 2015, have continued their practice as social entrepreneurs. It is suggested that they should now expand their practice by working together with other indigenous entrepreneurs to challenge Indonesian craftsmen and designers to take their creativity, skills and knowledge to an international market. As part of this move, the development of innovative marketing tools using new technologies should be explored, while maintaining local wisdom as the core value for making creative works.
Aaberge, B., Barnard, T., Greer, S. & Henry, R. (2014). Designs on the Future: Aboriginal Painted Shields and Baskets of Tropical North Queensland, Australia. eTropic 13 (2), 56-74. DOI https://doi.org/10.25120/etropic.13.2.2014.3314
Ananda, M. (2019). Children. Palangkaraya: Ranu Welum Foundation and Youth_actkalimantan.
Anderson, J. (2002). Priority Areas for Rattan Conservation on Borneo. University of Copenhagen.
Antaranews. (2019, October 5). Antaranews. https://en.antaranews.com/news/133398/indonesian-forest-fire-chokes-millions-of-people-animals
Ave, J., Hitchcock, M., Jay, S.E., & Gustami, S.P. (2008). Indonesian Arts and Crafts. Jakarta: BAB Publishing Indonesia.
Baral, H., Jaung , W., Bhatta , L. D., Phuntsho, S., Sharma, S., Paudyal, K., Zarandian, A., Sears, R.R., Sharma, R., Dorji, T., & Artati, Y. (2017). Approaches and tools for assessing mountain forest ecosystem services. Working Paper, 235. Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR). DOI: https://doi.org/10.17528/cifor/006755
Brookes, S. (2018, 3 April). Life in a Longhouse Sungai Utik Village. NOW! http://nowjakarta.co.id/art-and-culture/hidden-heritage/life-in-a-longhouse-sungai-utik-village
Damkar, C. K. (2019). Forest fires in Central Kalimantan. Palangkaraya: Ranu Welum Foundation.
El-Haggar, S.M. (2007). Sustainable Industrial Design and Waste Management: Cradle-to-cradle for Sustainable Development. Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-373623-9.X5000-X
Foresta, H. D., & Michon, G. (1997). The agroforesta alternative to Imperata grasslands : When smallhorlder agriculture and forestry reach sustainability. Agroforestry Systems, 36, 105-120.
Greeners. (2019, June 25). Greeners. www.greeners.co
Idhom, A. M. (17 September 2019). Causes and Effects of Forest Fires in Kalimantan to Sumatra. Tirto. https://tirto.id/penyebab-dan-akibat-kebakaran-hutan-di-kalimantan-hingga-sumatera-eic3
Kalbar Litbang Pertanian Indonesia. (2019, June 25). Kalbar Litbag Pertanian. http://kalbar.litbang.pertanian.go.id
Kirana, C. (2015a). Jungle Trek. Sui Utik: Sekar Kawung.
Kirana, C. (2015b). Natural Mat. Sui Utik: Sekar Kawung.
Kirana, C. (2015c). Wild Mango. Sui Utik: Sekar Kawung.
Kirana, C. (2019). Personal Communication, July 12 & 18. (O. S. Caroline, Interviewer).
Kirana, C. (2019). Sekar Kawung Value Chain. Bogor: Sekar Kawung.
Kreps, C. (2013). Intangible Threads: Curating the Living Heritage of Dayak Ikat Weaving. In Stefano, M.L., Davis, P. & Corsane, G. (Eds). On the Ground: Safeguarding the Intangible (pp. 177 -194). Boydell & Brewer.
Laman, S. (2019). Firefighters. Palangkaraya: Ranu Welum Foundation and Youth_actkalimantan.
Lamb, K. (2019, October 5). The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/sep/12/indonesia-forest-fires-spark-blame-game-as-smoke-closes-hundreds-of-malaysia-schools
Locatelli, B. (2016). Ecosystem Services and Climate Change. In M.Potschin, R. Haines‐Young, R. Fish, & R.K.Turner, Routledge Handbook of Ecosystem Services (pp. 481-490). London & New York: Routledge.
Meijaard, E., Achdiawan, R., Wan, M. & Taber, A. (2014). Rattan, The decline of a once-important non-timber forest product in Indonesia. Bogor: Center for International Forestry Research.
Millennium Ecosystems Assessment (2005). Ecosystems and Human Well-being. Island Press. https://www.millenniumassessment.org/documents/document.356.aspx.pdf
Muryati, M. & Rokhiman, R. (2016). Bambi Ari' Sebagai Wujud Kearifan Lokal Masyarakat Dayak Dalam Penanganan Bencana Kabut Asap Di Kabupaten Kapuas Hulu, Kalimantan Barat. Sosiologi reflektif, 11(1).
PACWA. (2019, October 8). Deforestation – effects on Air Pollution. https://www.pacwa.org/deforestation-effects-on-air-pollution/
Picard, M. (2001). Bali: twenty years of research. Anthropologie et Sociétés, 25 (2), 109-127.
Postma, A., & Schmuecker, D. (2017, September 11). Understanding and overcoming negative impacts of tourism in city destinations: conceptual model and strategic framework. Tourism Futures, 3(2), 144-156.
Rainforest Action Network. (2019, October 10). https://www.ran.org/indonesian-rainforests/
Sellato, B. (Ed.) (2012). Plaited Arts from the Borneo Rainforest. Jakarta: Lontar Foundation; Singapore: NUS Press; Copenhagen: Nordic Institute for Asian Studies Press, NIAS Studies in Asian Topics 48; Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.
Soeharto, B. (2010). Tembawang: bukan sekedar sistem agroforestri. Kiprah Agroforestri - World Argroforestry Center Indonesia, 3(3), 10-11.
Susanto, E., Lestari, N., Hapsari, M., & Krisdyatmiko. (2018). Driving Factors of Deforestation in Indonesia: A Case of Central Kalimantan. Jurnal Studi Pemerintahan, 9(4), 511- 533. https://journal.umy.ac.id/index.php/jsp/article/view/5170
Toisuta, J., & Kirana, C. (2018a). Iban House, An Amazing Week in Sungai Utik, Iban Dayak Community, West Kalimantan. Sui Utik: Sekar Kawung.
Toisuta, J., & Kirana, C. (2018b). Jungle Trip. Sui Utik: Sekar Kawung.
WWF (2019). Borneo Deforestation. https://wwf.panda.org/our_work/forests/deforestation_fronts2/deforestation_in_borneo_and_sumatra/
WWF (2017, 26 June). Rattan Keeps Forests Standing in Borneo. WWF Newsroom. https://gftn.panda.org/newsroom/index.cfm?uNewsID=303570
Yayasan Riak Bumi. (2019). www.riakbumi.or.id
Youth_Actkalimantan. (2019a). Babies. Palangkaraya: Ranu Welum Foundation and Youth_actkalimantan.
Youth_Actkalimantan. (2019b). Firefighter in Central Kalimantan. Palangkaraya: Ranu Welum Foundation and Youth_actkalimantan.
Youth_Actkalimantan. (2019c). Old People. Palangkaraya: Ranu Welum Foundation and Youth_actkalimantan.
Yuniar, & Kirana. (2015a). Bemban. Sui Utik: Green Indonesia.
Yuniar, & Kirana. (2015b). Natural Bracelet. Sui Utik: Green Indonesia.
Yuniar, & Kirana. (2015c). Rattan Weaving. Sui Utik: Green Indonesia.
Yuniar, & Kirana. (2015d). Utik River and Rainforest. Sui Utik: Green Indonesia.
Yuniar, & Kirana. (2015e). Wild Labu. Sui Utik: Green Indonesia.
Yuniar, & Kirana. (2015f). Woven Textile. Sui Utik: Green Indonesia.
How to Cite
Authors who submit articles to this journal agree to the following terms:
1. Authors are responsible for ensuring that any material that has influenced the research or writing has been properly cited and credited both in the text and in the Reference List (Bibliography). Contributors are responsible for gaining copyright clearance on figures, photographs or lengthy quotes used in their manuscript that have been published elsewhere.
2. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License that allows others to share and adapt the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
3. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository, or publish it in a book), with proper acknowledgement of the work's initial publication in this journal.
4. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see The Effect of Open Access or The Open Access Citation Advantage). Where authors include such a work in an institutional repository or on their website (i.e., a copy of a work which has been published in eTropic, or a pre-print or post-print version of that work), we request that they include a statement that acknowledges the eTropic publication including the name of the journal, the volume number and a web-link to the journal item.
5. Authors should be aware that the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License permits readers to share (copy and redistribute the work in any medium or format) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the work) for any purpose, even commercially, provided they also give appropriate credit to the work, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. They may do these things in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests you or your publisher endorses their use.