Role of Spiritual Leadership as a Catalyst in Building Resilient Organizations

Leadership Lessons from Organisations in India


  • Mansi Kapoor



Resilience, Spiritual Leadership, Organisational Realities, Disruption


Organisations today need to be resilient in order to thrive in an environment of constant disruption and uncertainty. A spiritually-based leadership can provide the building blocks for creating resilient organisations. The study elaborates on spiritual leadership and provides a tool kit for organisations to build resilience in their organisations by leveraging spiritual leadership. The study traces the evolution of leadership from the historic Great Man Theory to contemporary theories like Servant Leadership and Spiritual Leadership, putting into context the current organisational realities .The data for the study was collected through surveys involving 386 respondents across 25 organisations based in the cities of Mumbai and Pune, India.This data was collected over approximately one year .The data was analysed using SPSS and various statistical methods. Hypothesis drawn were tested using Carl Pearson's Coefficient of Correlation, One way Annova, Independent Sample t test. The data collected from surveys also underwent Thematic Analysis using Braun and Clark's (2006) methodology to build Four themes which were used to propose a resilience framework .


Badaracco Jr. (2015) Leading quietly and morally.). Conversations on Leadership, 173–187.

Bass, B. M. (1996). A new paradigm for leadership: An inquiry into transformational leadership.

Bass, B. M., & Steidlmeier, P. (1999). Ethics, character, and Authentic Transformational Leadership Behavior. The Leadership Quarterly, 10(2), 181–217.

Boal, K. B., & Hooijberg, R. (2000). Strategic leadership research. The Leadership Quarterly, 11(4), 515–549.

Bożek, A., Nowak, P. F., & Blukacz, M. (2020). The relationship between spirituality, health-related behaviour, and psychological well-being. Frontiers in Psychology, 11.

Bushman, B. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (1998). Threatened egotism, narcissism, self-esteem, and direct and displaced aggression: Does self-love or self-hate lead to violence? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75(1), 219–229.

Carlyle T. The Foundations of Leadership' science': Thinking Differently about Leadership, 100–114.

Collins, J. C., & Porras, J. I. (1995). Building a visionary company. California Management Review, 37(2), 80–100.

Dean K, Fornaciari C & McGee, J.J. (2002). Research in spirituality, religion, and work: Walking the line between relevance and legitimacy. Academy of Management Proceedings, 2002(1).

Den Hartog, D. N. (2019). Transformational leadership. Encyclopaedia of Business and Professional Ethics, 1–4.

Fry ,L.W. & Slocum , John W. (2008). Maximising the triple bottom line through spiritual leadership. Organizational Dynamics, 37(1), 86–96.

Fry, L. W. (2003). Toward a theory of spiritual leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 14(6), 693–727.

Fry, L. W., Matherly, L. L., & Ouimet, J. R. (2010). The spiritual leadership balanced scorecard business model: The case of the cordon bleu‐Tomaso corporation. Journal of Management, Spirituality & Religion, 7(4), 283–314.

Gibb, J. R., & Fiedler, F. E. (1969). A theory of leadership effectiveness. American Educational Research Journal, 6(3), 461.

Goleman, D. (2017). Leadership that gets results. Leadership Perspectives, 85–96.

Hooijberg, R. (2000). Book review section. The Leadership Quarterly, 11(3), 417.

Jurkiewicz, C. L., & Giacalone, R. A. (2019). Spirituality and the Workplace. The Routledge International Handbook of Spirituality in Society and the Professions, 259–265.

Klein, K. J., & House, R. J. (1995). On fire: Charismatic leadership and levels of analysis. The Leadership Quarterly, 6(2), 183–198.

Kontakt ,A.D. January 28). 2021 Deloitte Global Resilience Report. Deloitte Denmark. Retrieved October 21, 2021, from

Kraut, R. (2001). Book review aristotle. politics, books V and VI. translated with a commentary by David Keyt. Oxford: Clarendon, 1999. pp. XVII+265. $72.00 (cloth); $19.95 (paper). Ethics, 111(3), 620–622.

Lewin, E. (1939). Bibliographical aids to research. Historical Research, 16(48), 168–180.

Maslow, A. H. (1943). The authoritarian character structure. The Journal of Social Psychology, 18(2), 401–411.

Mitroff, I. I., Denton, E. A., & Alpaslan, C. M. (2009). A spiritual audit of corporate america: Ten years later (spirituality and attachment theory, an interim report). Journal of Management, Spirituality & Religion, 6(1), 27–41.

Ouchi, W. G. (1977). The relationship between organisational structure and organisational control. Administrative Science Quarterly, 22(1), 95.

Phipps, K. A. (2011). Spirituality and strategic leadership: The influence of spiritual beliefs on strategic decision making. Journal of Business Ethics, 106(2), 177–189.

Priestley, J. (1997). Spirituality, curriculum and Education. International Journal of Children's Spirituality, 2(1), 23–34.

Reave, L. (2005). Spiritual values and practices related to leadership effectiveness. The Leadership Quarterly, 16(5), 655–687.

Renjen, P. (2021, March 26). Building the resilient organisation. Deloitte Insights. Retrieved October 22, 2021, from

Sage-Gavin, E. (2020). Our people need resilience. Human Resource Executive. Retrieved from:

Spears, L. C. (2004). Practicing servant-leadership. Leader to Leader, 2004(34), 7–11.

Stogdill R. M (1948) Personal Factors Associated with Leadership: A Survey of the Literature, The Journal of Psychology, 25:1, 35-71

Vago, D. R., & Silbersweig, D. A. (2012). Self-awareness, self-regulation, and self-transcendence (s-art): A Framework for understanding the neurobiological mechanisms of mindfulness. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6.

Villani, D., Sorgente, A., Iannello, P., & Antonietti, A. (2019). The role of spirituality and religiosity in subjective well-being of individuals with different religious status. Frontiers in Psychology, 10.

Wagner‐Marsh, F., & Conley, J. (1999). The Fourth Wave: The spiritually‐based firm. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 12(4), 292–302.

Zohar,D (2010) Exploring Spiritual Capital Exploring spiritual capital: An interview with Danah Zohar. Retrieved December 7, 2021, from

Zohar, D. (n.d.). Spiritual capital: Wealth we can live by. Google Books. Retrieved December 10, 2021, from




How to Cite

Kapoor, M. (2021). Role of Spiritual Leadership as a Catalyst in Building Resilient Organizations: Leadership Lessons from Organisations in India. Journal of Resilient Economies (ISSN: 2653-1917), 1(2), 4–18.