Electric Light Good Vehicles in Singapore

An Economic, Environmental, and Operational Review

Authors

  • Wei Yang Mok Singapore University of Social Sciences
  • Christopher Tan Singapore University of Social Sciences
  • Maria Cecilia Rojas Lopez Singapore University of Social Sciences

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25120/jre.3.2.2023.4013

Keywords:

Light Goods Vehicles, Electric Vehicles, Sustainability, Resilience, Emission Calculator

Abstract

Research and efforts for implementing electric vehicles (EVs) are rapidly increasing. Most light goods vehicles (LGVs) in Singapore are diesel-propelled internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles in 2023. However, the number of electric light goods vehicles (eLGVs) is exponentially increasing, indicating a shift towards economically and environmentally resilient options. This study examines the combined economic, environmental, and operational impacts of implementing eLGVs in Singapore, which distinguishes from previous research that analysed each aspect individually. Considering data and inputs from a specific company, lifecycle cost and emissions analyses were conducted comparing EVs and ICE vehicles. In addition, a survey on operations was conducted targeting respondents with eLGVs in their fleet. Findings indicate that, in Singapore’s context, eLGVs can potentially reduce costs, and savings grow with vehicle utilisation, assuming battery lasts 10-years with minimal degradation. Regarding the environmental impact, although the production of EVs results in higher greenhouse gas emissions, emissions from usage are much lower for eLGVs and further reduced with vehicle usage, resulting in overall lower emissions. Operational challenges identified relate to eLGVs charging time and infrastructure. Recommendations to motivate companies to transition to eLGVs are provided, and an ‘expected lifecycle emissions calculator’ created to compare various types of vehicles.

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Published

2023-12-29

How to Cite

Mok, W. Y., Tan, C., & Rojas Lopez, M. C. (2023). Electric Light Good Vehicles in Singapore : An Economic, Environmental, and Operational Review. Journal of Resilient Economies (ISSN: 2653-1917), 3(2). https://doi.org/10.25120/jre.3.2.2023.4013