Halal Supply Chain Competencies

A Framework for Human Capability Development


  • Adam Voak The Cairns Institute, James Cook University, Australia
  • Brian Fairman The Cairns Institute, James Cook University, Australia
  • Hana Catur Wahyuni Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo, Indonesia




Halal Supply Chain; Human Capability Development; Supply Chain Resilience; Capability Framework


The global Halal industry is governed by Islamic ethical principles and dietary laws, which require a specialized workforce equipped with unique competencies (Abderahman et al., 2021). The Halal supply chain's complexity arises from, cultural and religious sensitivities, specific regulatory frameworks, transparency demands, sourcing challenges, logistical intricacies, rigorous certification, consumer preferences, market dynamics, risk management and the need for ongoing innovation. Navigating these multiple complexities is vital for maintaining resilience in the global Halal supply chain whilst meeting consumer expectations.

This paper presents a formative framework for human capability development with regard to the Halal supply chain, with a special focus on ensuring its resilience. In recognizing the multifaceted challenges faced by individuals operating in the sector, directly and indirectly, the proposed harmonised framework offers a structured approach to Halal supply chain competency development (De Boni & Forleo, 2019). The framework comprises four key dimensions that deal with aspects of (i) Assurance, (ii) Socio-Cultural and Ethical (iii) Technical and Operational, and (iv) Market-Related. Organizations can potentially employ this framework to design training programs, assess their current capabilities and strategically develop their human resources, thereby ensuring the Halal supply chain can build resilience while delivering high-quality assured products to a global consumer base ensuring sustainable growth and prosperity, without compromising Islamic principles (Yaacob et al., 2018).


Ab Talib, M. S., Hamid, A. B. A., & Zulfakar, M. H. (2015). Halal supply chain critical success factors: a literature review. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 6(1), 44-71.

Abd Rahman, A., Abd Mubin, N., Yusof, R. N. R., & Kamarulzaman, N. H. (2023). Building supply chain performance through halal logistics, organisational capabilities and knowledge management. International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications, 26(4), 498-520.

Abderahman, R., Karim, R., & Kevin, D. (2021). Halal food supply chains: A literature review of sustainable measures and future research directions. Foods and Raw materials, 9(1), 106-116.

Adobor, H., & McMullen, R. S. (2018). Supply chain resilience: a dynamic and multidimensional approach. The International Journal of Logistics Management, 29(4), 1451-1471.

Ahmad Nizar, N. N., Taib, M. N., Bujang, A., Zainal Abidin, S. A. S., & Rahmat, A. K. (2022). A pre-and post-training assessment of the halal executive training program towards upholding halal food supply chain. Journal of Emerging Economies & Islamic Research, 10(2), 110-126.

Ali, M. H., Chung, L., Kumar, A., Zailani, S., & Tan, K. H. (2021). A sustainable Blockchain framework for the halal food supply chain: Lessons from Malaysia. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 170, 120870.

Ali, M. H., Tan, K. H., & Makhbul, Z. M. (2013). Mitigating halal food integrity risk through supply chain integration. Asia Pacific Industrial Engineering and Management System, 44(0), 0-9.

Bonne, K., & Verbeke, W. (2008). Religious values informing halal meat production and the control and delivery of halal credence quality. Agriculture and Human values, 25, 35-47.

Borhan, F. P., Shamsudin, M. A., Harun, N. H., Wong, M. S. M. A., Mamat, N., & Moidin, S. (2023). READINESS FOR CORE COMPETENCIES OF HALAL EXECUTIVE AMONG HALAL UNDERGRADUATES IN UiTM SHAH ALAM. Journal of Islamic, 8(54).

Campion, M. A., Fink, A. A., Ruggeberg, B. J., Carr, L., Phillips, G. M., & Odman, R. B. (2011). Doing competencies well: Best practices in competency modeling. Personnel psychology, 64(1), 225-262.

Chammem, N., Issaoui, M., De Almeida, A. I. D., & Delgado, A. M. (2018). Food crises and food safety incidents in European Union, United States, and Maghreb Area: current risk communication strategies and new approaches. Journal of AOAC International, 101(4), 923-938.

Chandra, G. R., Liaqat, I. A., & Sharma, B. (2019). Blockchain redefining: The halal food sector. 2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AICAI),

Christopher, M., & Peck, H. (2004). The five principles of supply chain resilience. Logistics Europe, 12(1), 16-21.

De Boni, A., & Forleo, M. B. (2019). Italian halal food market development: drivers and obstacles from experts’ opinions. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 10(4), 1245-1271.

Elasrag, H. (2016). Halal industry: Key challenges and opportunities.

Elasrag, H. (2022). Halal Industry: Challenges and Opportunities.

Fauzi, F. A., Karia, N., & Mokhtar, M. A. M. (2012). The antecedents of Halal competency model: Towards improvement of Halal certification for SMFEs’ products. Focus, 2013, 2014.

Fauzi, M., ANIQOH, N. A. F. A., HARIZAHAYU, H., FW POSPOS, A. F., & SAEDIMAN, H. (2021). Halal Supply Chain Management: Analysis of Decision-Making Factors for Aqiqah Business Suppliers in Indonesia. The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 8(6), 1161-1169.

Fischer, J. (2015). Islam, standards, and technoscience: In global halal zones (Vol. 28). Routledge.

Gu, M., Zhang, Y., Li, D., & Huo, B. (2023). The effect of high-involvement human resource management practices on supply chain resilience and operational performance. Journal of Management Science and Engineering, 8(2), 176-190.

Gunawan, A. (2020). Strategy to improve the quality of Indonesian industrial halal through smart investment and education systems 4.0. KnE Social Sciences, 260–281-260–281.

Hamid, A. B. A., Ab Talib, M. S., & Mohamad, N. (2014). Halal logistics: A marketing mix perspective. Intellectual Discourse, 22(2).

Hashim, H., Shariff, S., & Mohamad, S. (2016). Halal supply chain trainings in Malaysia: a review paper. International Review of Management and Marketing, 6(4), 209-216.

Hashim, H. I. C., & Shariff, S. M. M. (2016). Halal supply chain management training: Issues and challenges. Procedia Economics and Finance, 37, 33-38.

Hidayati, J., Vamelia, R., Hammami, J., & Endri, E. (2023). Transparent distribution system design of halal beef supply chain. Uncertain Supply Chain Management, 11(1), 31-40.

Ivanov, D., & Dolgui, A. (2021). A digital supply chain twin for managing the disruption risks and resilience in the era of Industry 4.0. Production Planning & Control, 32(9), 775-788.

Ivanov, D., Dolgui, A., Das, A., & Sokolov, B. (2019). Digital supply chain twins: Managing the ripple effect, resilience, and disruption risks by data-driven optimization, simulation, and visibility. Handbook of ripple effects in the supply chain, 309-332.

Kadir, M. H. A., Rasi, R. Z. R. M., Omar, S. S., & Manap, Z. I. A. (2016). Halal supply chain management streamlined practices: Issues and challenges. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering,

Karia, N., Asaari, M. H. A. H., Mohamad, N., & Kamaruddin, S. (2015). Assessing Halal logistics competence: An Islamic-based and resource-based view. 2015 International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management (IEOM),

Khan, M. I., Haleem, A., & Khan, S. (2018). Defining halal supply chain management. Supply Chain Forum: An International Journal,

Kurniawati, D. A., & Cakravastia, A. (2023). A review of halal supply chain research: Sustainability and operations research perspective. Cleaner Logistics and Supply Chain, 100096.

Maman, U., Mahbubi, A., & Jie, F. (2018). Halal risk mitigation in the Australian–Indonesian red meat supply chain. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 9(1), 60-79.

Marzuki, S. Z. S., & Yahya, W. K. (2020). The Emergence Of Global Halal Business 2nd Edition (UiTM Press). UiTM Press.

Midhat Ali, M., Qureshi, S. M., Memon, M. S., Mari, S. I., & Ramzan, M. B. (2021). Competency framework development for effective human resource management. SAGE open, 11(2), 21582440211006124.

Mohamed, Y. H., Rahim, A. A., Ma’ram, A., & Hamza, M. G. (2016). Halal traceability in enhancing halal integrity for food industry in Malaysia–a review. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, 3(3), 68-74.

Mubarik, M. S., Bontis, N., Mubarik, M., & Mahmood, T. (2022). Intellectual capital and supply chain resilience. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 23(3), 713-738.

Nikookar, E., & Yanadori, Y. (2022). Preparing supply chain for the next disruption beyond COVID-19: managerial antecedents of supply chain resilience. International journal of operations & production management, 42(1), 59-90.

Nizar, N. N. A., Abidin, S. A. S. Z., & Taib, M. N. (2023). Smart Data for Sustainable Halal Supply Chain in Kuala Lumpur: A Proposal. 2023 19th IEEE International Colloquium on Signal Processing & Its Applications (CSPA),

Noorliza, K. (2021). Resource-capability of halal logistics services, its extent and impact on performance. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 12(4), 813-829.

Noorliza, K. (2022). Managing Halal Food Knowledge and Innovation: Small and Medium Food Enterprises’(SMFEs) Performance. In Strategic Islamic Marketing: A Roadmap for Engaging Muslim Consumers (pp. 125-137). Springer.

Pahim, K. M. B., Jemali, S., & Mohamad, S. (2012). The importance of training for halal logistics industry in Malaysia. 2012 IEEE Symposium on Humanities, Science and Engineering Research (SHUSER),

Pettit, T. J., Croxton, K. L., & Fiksel, J. (2013). Ensuring supply chain resilience: development and implementation of an assessment tool. Journal of Business logistics, 34(1), 46-76.

Pettit, T. J., Fiksel, J., & Croxton, K. L. (2010). Ensuring supply chain resilience: development of a conceptual framework. Journal of Business logistics, 31(1), 1-21.

Ponomarov, S. Y., & Holcomb, M. C. (2009). Understanding the concept of supply chain resilience. The International Journal of Logistics Management, 20(1), 124-143.

Robbani, H., & Sahid, M. M. (2021). Development of the ASEAN Qualification Recognition Framework (AQRF) on Halal Management Standardization as a Success Strategy for ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA). LITERATUS: International Socio-Cultural Scientific Journal.

Rohmah, D., Maharani, S., Kholis, M., Taqwa, S., & Setyaningrum, H. (2019). Traceability and tracking systems of halal food using blockchain technology to improve food industry competitiveness. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Business, Law And Pedagogy, ICBLP 2019, 13-15 February 2019, Sidoarjo, Indonesia,

Rosli, N. M., N R, H., FH, A. F., Hashim, Y.-Y., & Ahmad, A. (2022). A Conceptual Core Competency Model for Halal Executives in Food Manufacturing Companies. Journal of Halal Science and Technology, 1(1), 1-14.

Ruangsriroj, T., & Suvittawatt, A. (2022). The factors influencing value creation of halal logistics service during crisis: A case study of halal logistics service providers in Thailand. Asian Journal of Business Research, 12(2).

Saeed, G., Ellahi, A., Bakhsh, K., Ishfaq, U., Ullah, M., & Shaheen, I. (2022). Effect of human resource capabilities, supply chain coordination, and responsiveness on supply chain resilience. Indian Journal of Economics and Business, 21(1), 343-359.

Sheffi, Y. (2005). The resilient enterprise: overcoming vulnerability for competitive advantage. Pearson Education India.

Shishodia, A., Sharma, R., Rajesh, R., & Munim, Z. H. (2023). Supply chain resilience: A review, conceptual framework and future research. The International Journal of Logistics Management, 34(4), 879-908.

Shuib, A., Ibrahim, I., & Yusoff, F. H. (2021). Traceability system of halal chicken supply chain. 2021 IEEE 12th Control and System Graduate Research Colloquium (ICSGRC),

Song, M., Ma, X., Zhao, X., & Zhang, L. (2022). How to enhance supply chain resilience: a logistics approach. The International Journal of Logistics Management, 33(4), 1408-1436.

Supian, K., Abdullah, M., & Ab Rashid, N. (2019). Halal practices integrity and performance relationship: Are halal supply chain trust and commitment the missing links. International Journal of Supply Chain Management, 8(6), 1045-1054.

Tan, A., Gligor, D., & Ngah, A. (2022). Applying blockchain for halal food traceability. International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications, 25(6), 947-964.

Tieman, M. (2017). Halal risk management: combining robustness and resilience. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 8(3), 461-475.

Tieman, M., & Che Ghazali, M. (2013). Principles in halal purchasing. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 4(3), 281-293.

Tieman, M., & Ghazali, M. C. (2014). Halal control activities and assurance activities in halal food logistics. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 121, 44-57.

Tieman, M., Van der Vorst, J. G., & Ghazali, M. C. (2012). Principles in halal supply chain management. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 3(3), 217-243.

Voak, A. (2021). Fake: The Rise of Food Fraud in the Halal Supply Chain. Nusantara Halal Journal, 2(2), 82-88.

Voak, A., & Fairman, B. (2020a). Anticipating human resource development challenges and opportunities in ‘Halal supply chains’ and ‘Halal logistics’ within ASEAN. Nusantara Halal Journal, 1(1).

Voak, A., & Fairman, B. (2020b). Crossing borders: anticipated challenges in building a body of knowledge for the digital printing sector to promote relevant human capability and mobility in a local context. Journal of Printing Science and Technology, 57(1), 29-32.

Voak, A., & Fairman, B. (2021). Building human capability to ensure halal supply chain compliance. In Halal Development: Trends, Opportunities and Challenges (pp. 1-6). Routledge.

Wahab, N. A., & Kamarubahrin, A. F. (2019). Halal industry: are the businesses fully awake? Journal of Fatwa Management and Research, 21-35.

Wahyuni, D., Nasution, A., Budiman, I., & Arfidhila, N. (2020). Halal Risk Analysis at Indonesia Slaughterhouses Using the Supply Chain Operations Reference (SCOR) and House of Risk (HOR) Methods. Journal of Physics: Conference Series,

Wilson, J. A., & Liu, J. (2011). The challenges of Islamic branding: navigating emotions and halal. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 2(1), 28-42.

Yaacob, T. Z., Rahman, F. A., & Jaafar, H. S. (2018). Risk categories in halal food transportation: A preliminary findings. International Journal of Supply Chain Management, 7(6), 453-461.

Yaacob, T. Z., Zakuan, N., Hashim, H. I. C., Hasan, M. Z., & Ishak, S. Z. (2023). Supply Chain Resilience Practices among Halal Food Manufacturers for Business Performance and Sustainability. Journal of Namibian Studies: History Politics Culture, 34, 578-591.

Zainuddin, N., Saifudin, A. M., Deraman, N., & Osman, A. A. (2020). The effect of halal traceability system on halal supply chain performance. International Journal of Supply Chain Management.




How to Cite

Voak, A., Fairman, B., & Wahyuni, H. C. (2023). Halal Supply Chain Competencies: A Framework for Human Capability Development. Journal of Resilient Economies (ISSN: 2653-1917), 3(2). https://doi.org/10.25120/jre.3.2.2023.4021