Journal of Resilient Economies (ISSN: 2653-1917) <p>Building a resilient economy requires a multifaceted approach that addresses the various risks and challenges that can impact economic stability. This includes developing strategies to mitigate and manage natural disasters, such as natural hazard zoning and emergency preparedness plans. It also includes addressing issues related to pandemics and other global health crises, such as investing in healthcare infrastructure and promoting public health measures. In addition, building a resilient economy requires addressing structural vulnerabilities in the economy, such as income inequality, lack of access to education and training, and inadequate social safety nets. To achieve this, policies must be put in place to support individuals, businesses and communities in becoming more resilient to external risks and shocks. Moreover, it requires continuous monitoring, assessing and updating these policies to ensure that they are effective in promoting economic resilience. The Journal of Resilient Economies(JRE) is a platform that aims to advance the important concept of resilience by providing a multidisciplinary focus and a wide range of perspectives to better understand the challenges of building a resilient economy.</p> <p>As a Platinum Open Access journal, JRE offers a multidisciplinary approach and employs a rigorous double-blind peer-review process for all submitted papers. With the goal of promoting accessibility and inclusivity, JRE does not charge readers or authors for access to its articles, ensuring they are immediately and permanently available to all. Additionally, JRE is committed to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and actively seeks to contribute to the literature on the connection between the SDGs and economic resilience.</p> <p><strong>Publisher: Who funds this Journal?</strong></p> <p>Publication infrastructure and maintenance of JRE is fully supported by <a href="">James Cook University Open Journal Systems (OJS)</a>, driven by the belief that knowledge has the power to change lives, and that research outputs should be freely accessible online, without barriers.</p> <p>JRE aims to make the academic research available:</p> <ul> <li>online</li> <li>immediately</li> <li>without charge</li> <li>free from most copyright or licensing restrictions</li> </ul> <p>Read the complete version of JCU Open Access Policy and related documents <a href="">here</a>.</p> James Cook University en-US Journal of Resilient Economies (ISSN: 2653-1917) 2653-1917 <h3>You are free to:</h3> <ul> <li><strong>Share</strong> — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format for any purpose, even commercially</li> </ul> <p>Anyone using the work must attribute the work to the original creator. The licence allows copying and distribution of the original work but no adaptations or modified versions of the work may be distributed. </p> <ul> <li><strong>Attribution</strong> — You must give <a id="appropriate_credit_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">appropriate credit</a>, provide a link to the license, and <a id="indicate_changes_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">indicate if changes were made</a>. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.</li> <li><span id="by-more-container"></span><strong>NoDerivatives</strong> — If you <a id="some_kinds_of_mods_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">remix, transform, or build upon</a> the material, you may not distribute the modified material.</li> <li><span id="nd-more-container"></span><strong>No additional restrictions</strong> — You may not apply legal terms or <a id="technological_measures_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="" data-original-title="">technological measures</a> that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</li> </ul> <div id="deed-conditions" class="row"> </div> <div class="row"> </div> Brand activism <p>In the context of a global pandemic, social inequalities such as health disparities, systemic racism and economic shutdowns are amongst the challenges of a harsh reality. Given these myriad societal issues, consumers are becoming increasingly distrustful of governments and public service support systems. Consequently, there is a call for the corporate world to take a stand on significant societal issues. Yet, brand activism can be precarious ground. In seeking to address the question of brand activism, this paper presents three cases that demonstrate the range from progressive to regressive brand activism. The Patagonia case shows progressive brand activism with a foundational brand purpose of environmentalism. The National Rifle Association (NRA) case also shows a strong brand purpose of gun rights but demonstrates regressive brand activism. The National Football League (NFL) case demonstrates both progressive and regressive brand activism with a weakened brand purpose of a national football league. Theoretically, the dimensions of brand activism are shown to include social, legal, business, economic, political and environmental dimensions. More practically, brand activism consistently demonstrated in an authentic and transparent manner over time reinforces brand purpose. Values based organisations demonstrating brand purpose in an active and activist manner will engage increasingly discerning consumers who hold similar values. Consumers supporting progressive brand activism will generate momentum. Conversely, consumers withdrawing support for regressive brand activism will also make an impact. Collectively, brand activism may positively influences society’s most urgent challenges and effectively build societal resilience.</p> Sharon Schembri Copyright (c) 2022 Sharon Schembri 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 2 2 10.25120/jre.2.2.2022.3942 Variables Influencing Older Adults' Intention to Use Home-based Care Technologies <p>The increase in the population of older adults is becoming a global urban problem due to increasing health and welfare needs. Innovations in home-based care technologies offer new approaches to delivering care, reducing costs, and supporting aging in place. However, it appears that there are various influencing factors in relation to the adoption and use of technologies by older adults. This research aims to explore the nature of these factors as well as to evaluate and understand if they influence how older adults approach the adoption of home-based care technologies. Addressing this question could help understand the acceptance and identify the education and training needs required for the use of modern technologies by older adults. To achieve this, we used the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) and adopted a qualitative approach. Findings identified some of the key factors influencing older adults' intention to use technologies, including perceived need, social network, self-efficacy, anxiety and attitude towards technology. These factors were not originally evaluated in the UTAUT model; these emerged from the interpretative approach taken on the concerns and perceptions noted by the older adults interviewed. This result provides evidence for the requirement to expand the standard UTAUT model previously used to understand technology adoptions. We argue that the University of the Third Age plays a critical role in enabling senior citizens' knowledge and therefore helping their intention to use these technologies.</p> Elsy Paola Garcia Reyes Carmen Reaiche Copyright (c) 2022 Elsy Paola Garcia Reyes, Associate Professor 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 2 2 10.25120/jre.2.2.2022.3943 Stockpiling of Critical Metals as a Risk Management Strategy for Importing Countries <p>Following the triumph of post-fossil technologies, the global demand for critical raw materials in the form of rare metals will increase dramatically in the coming years. From the perspective of importing countries, dependence on these raw materials poses a host of new risks. In this respect, building up reserves of raw materials can be a sensible policy option for the short term. It can help reduce both supply-side and price-related risks. This is particularly true in cases where markets are characterised by high price volatility and/or the risk of supply disruptions is significant. Moreover, if there is a high degree of market concentration, stockpiling can also serve as a strategic tool for long-term price dampening. At the same time, the institutional design of stockpile management is crucial. In view of the economic risks associated with publicly managed stockpiles, we argue for a policy aimed primarily at promoting stockpiling incentives within the private sector. Central reserves managed by the public sector are only advisable as a basic hedge against the extreme scenario of massive supply interruptions. In any case, a stockpiling strategy should be accompanied by efforts to diversify supply sources in the long run.</p> Andre Wolf Copyright (c) 2022 Andre Wolf 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 2 2 10.25120/jre.2.2.2022.3931 Research Note: Optimising Urban Furniture in External Space of Subway Stations in China <p>With the Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) model developing in urban construction in China, the contradiction between limited space resources outside subway stations and the enormous demands of stakeholders has become more prominent. The present research on urban furniture mainly focused on the underground space system and the development of surrounding industries. Still, there was a lack of in-depth discussion on the external space of subway stations. This research aims to explore the spatio-temporal differences of activities in the external space of the subway station and put forward the corresponding optimising strategies of urban furniture. The external space of Wushan station in Metro Line 3 in Guangzhou was selected as the research area to investigate and analyse human activities and their demands through the PSPL Survey. It was found that there were significant peaks of human flow on weekdays and weekends separately. On weekdays, the peak was mainly concentrated in the morning and evening. At the same time, that was slightly behind, concentrated primarily on the weekend meal times and apparent differences in the routes of human flow, resulting in different stakeholders having demanded seats. Therefore, this paper proposed foldable and modular design strategies. It could provide a reference for optimising public facilities in the same type of space and a research basis for urban space renewal and rail traffic optimisation.</p> Weixuan Chen Ali Cheshmehzangi Eugenio Mangi Timothy Timothy Heath Copyright (c) 2022 Weixuan Chen, Ali Cheshmehzangi, Eugenio Mangi, Timothy Timothy Heath 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 2 2 10.25120/jre.2.2.2022.3945 Implementing Kampus Merdeka <p>In 2020, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia introduced a significant educational policy reform entitled<em> Kampus Merdeka</em>. <em>Kampus Merdeka </em>provides a national approach for Work Integrated Learning (WIL) opportunities for Higher Education students to enhance their future career prospects. However, many challenges have clouded <em>Kampus Merdeka’s </em>execution and its desired resultant impact. Indonesian Higher Education institutions are experiencing significant implementation challenges. This discussion paper aims to undertake a review of the current available literature related to <em>Kampus Merdeka,</em> to better understand the policy’s broader operationalization and future implications for the sector. This discussion focuses on four key themes: Higher Education Management and Administrative Practices, Curriculum Change, Academic Staff Preparedness and Defining and Reshaping Roles and Responsibilities of Academics. The article concludes with reflections concerning the strengthening of the evidence base for <em>Kampus Merdeka’s</em> future operationalization.</p> Anggi Afriansyah Adam Voak Brian Fairman Ivan Suryono Fikri Muslim Copyright (c) 2022 Anggi Afriansyah, Adam Voak, Brian Fairman, Ivan Lilin, Fikri Muslim 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 2 2 10.25120/jre.2.2.2022.3938