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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • One author is designated as the corresponding author with full contact details (email address and postal address)
  • The manuscript includes a maximum of 200 abstract and up to six keywords

Author Guidelines

Preparation of your Manuscripts

  • Names and institutional affiliations – including country – and addresses of all contributing authors are required.
  • One author must be designated as the corresponding author.
  • The manuscript must include: a maximum 200-word abstract and up to six keywords
  • Ensure the manuscript is spell checked and grammar checked before submission
  • Ensure all references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa
  • Bibliographic information (the reference list) must be in Roman Script
  • For all images and graphs, ensure appropriate permissions are obtained from the source
  • For title, abstract, and the body of the paper, the language must be clear and comprehensible to the global audience
  • Content of the manuscript must be consistent with the scope of JRE

Manuscripts should include:

  • For empirical papers: a statement of principal findings
  • The strengths and weaknesses of the study, including those found in the study design and methods.
  • The meaning of the study for practice (if applicable), including implications for professionals, policymakers, and other stakeholders.
  • A discussion of unanswered questions and directions for future research.

Manuscript Template

Please download and use our manuscript template and article structure guideline here.

Author Rights

For open access publishing, JRE uses a licensing agreement. Authors will retain copyright alongside scholarly usage rights. Authors grant JRE a license to publish their article and identify itself as the original publisher.


JRE is dedicated to plagiarism detection initiative to screen submissions.

JRE shall take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, including plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication.  JRE uses web-based tools to check submissions against databases of scholarly publications.

Responsible Conduct of Research and Ethics

Authors are expected to uphold the general principles of responsible research conduct in all aspects of their research; this means to foster and maintain a research environment of intellectual honesty, integrity, and scholarly and scientific rigour.

Please see our information pages on Responsible Conduct of Research and Authorship Procedure.

Criteria for Authorship:

An author is a researcher who has made a significant intellectual or scholarly contribution to a research and its output and has agreed to be listed as an author and take responsibility for the research output.

A significant intellectual or scholarly contribution must include one, and should include a combination of two or more of the following:

  • conception and design of the project or output;
  • acquisition of research data where the acquisition has significant intellectual judgement, planning, design or input;
  • contribution of knowledge, where justified, including Indigenous knowledge;
  • analysis or interpretation of research data;
  • drafting significant parts of the research output or critically revising it so as to contribute to its interpretation.

Declaration of Interest

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organisations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. 

Acknowledgements and Funding

The involvement of anyone who does not meet the authorship criteria but assisted with the preparation of the manuscript content should be acknowledged. All sources of funding, the role of the funding body should be declared.

Research Data

JRE encourages and enables you to share data that supports your research publication where appropriate. 

Ethics and Approvals

Manuscripts reporting studies involving human participants must include a statement on ethics approval and consent. The name of the ethics committee that approved the study and the committee's reference number (if applicable)must be provided as well.   

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal, but may also be provided to associated journal databases, if required. JRE is committed to handling personal information in a lawful, transparent and respectful way. All personal information is stored in a manner that protects it from misuse, loss, unauthorised access, modification or disclosure.